In New France, the colony was divided into large tracts of land, long and narrow, facing the St. Lawrence River or other waterways. The territory was organized in this way because the rivers were necessary for agriculture and to help people communicate.
The land was first given to the seigneurs by the governor and the intendant. On the seigneury, the seigneur kept an area where he cultivated the land and built a manor house. Close by, he reserved a portion of land for the parish church. A few years later, merchants, craftsmen and a notary would establish their homes near the church. A village was born.
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