Fertile Crescent

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Fertile Crescent

At the end of the Palaeolithic Age, (around 10,000 BCE), nomadic tribes settled in places where food was plentiful in certain regions of the *Fertile Crescent. Here they gradually discovered that certain crops grew there each year, and they themselves began to sow (plant) these same crops. This was the beginning of the agricultural revolution that marked the beginning of the Neolithic period. From this time on, a variety of techniques were developed and perfected over the centuries. Barley, wheat and rye were the first cereal crops cultivated.

Having essentially become farmers, these tribes stopped moving to gather food. They began to produce their own food in a given location. Thus we can say they became more and more sedentary.

  • Fertile Crescent: A large region of the Middle East fed by four major rivers: Euphrates, Tigris, Jordan and Nile. Thanks to its fertile soil and favourable climate, agriculture was born here. Carefully look at the map, and you will see that the region really is shaped like a crescent!

Map based on source: The Fertile Crescent, Wikimedia Commons. Licence: Creative Commons (BY-SA)

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