Çatal Hüyük

Çatal Hoyük

"Çatal Hoyük was one of the most important villages in the Neolithic period. The inhabitants of this village had protected it with a stone wall in order to preserve their livestock and their harvest. In this way, it became difficult for the neighboring villages to take their food reserves. In this particular village, one entered the houses through openings in the roofs, and the small livestock (pigs, sheep, goats, etc.) were kept in inner yards. The village would have had a population of 7,000 inhabitants. Moreover, there were no streets. The houses were rectangular in shape and stuck together. Their walls were painted with frescoes (paintings and engravings) that show us today the animals that were hunted at the time. Finally, the mother goddess was often painted to attract fertility."
Source: M. Univers Social at https://sites.google.com/view/muniverssocial/histoire-et-éducation-à-la-citoyenneté/la-sédentarisation

For its era, Çatal Hüyük was a big city: At one point between 3 ,000 and 5,000 lived in approximately 1,000 houses which were spread out over 14 hectares, an area equivalent to two football fields. The houses had the peculiarity of being very similar to each other. Each house had exactly the same area (25m²). They were all made out of the same mud brick material and were built touching each other. There were no streets and no doors in this city. The houses were entered using ladders to reach hatches on the roofs. This kind of organization required a cohesive society. The inhabitants had to plan and organize their living environment together.

How did the people of this era manage to build a city of this size? What characterizes a sedentary society?

Source: RECITUS: What characterizes a sedentary society?

See also

Mysteries of Çatalhöyük
Ҫatalhöyük at World History
Çatalhöyük at Khan Academy
The Rise and Fall of a Neolithic Town
Neolithic-Era Homes, Street Found at Catalhoyuk Site in Turkey

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