Quebec City as Heritage site

Information / Instructions

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In December 1985, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) added the historic district of Old Québec City to its prestigious World Heritage List. Québec City became the only city north of Mexico to receive this honor, one it shares with such age-old cities as Tunis, Cairo, Damascus, Jerusalem, Rome, Florence, Cracow, and Warsaw.

Being named to the List brought Québec City increased notoriety and prestige. It also gave the city call to recognize its responsibility toward the international community and do everything to ensure the historic area's preservation. Source: Ville de Quebec

Note that UNESCO offers criteria list for selecting sites (http://whc.unesco.org/en/criteria/) for their list. These criteria consider the value of a location in terms of cultural and historical significance.

GOAL: Create your own tourist map for Quebec!
Using the instructions and resources below, you will locate, describe and explain some historically important sites in Quebec. For the purposes of this project, downplay the negative sides and issues, and promote why Quebec should be on the Unesco list. Of the sites you promote on your map, choose at least three different "types" of locations (i.e. military, political, cultural, economic, societal, etc.). Different types of locations may imply you practice different "intellectual operations" (see suggestions below)

Brainstorm what you know
Work in partners or a group to decide on a few locations you think justify Quebec's status as a heritage city. If possible, classify them right away into types of locations they are on a piece of paper.

Create a legend
Create a Legend and add icons for the location types you will likely identify: military, political, cultural, economic, societal, etc.
(Note: If working on different maps but with a common share code, only one person in the group needs to create the legend.)

Research and perform "Intellectual Operations"
After you have done further research and are certain of the sites for your map, locate them with Point of Interest markers Image , or Streetview Panoramas Image , or Lines/Shapes Image Image to indicate an area.

  • Add your explanation or interpretation of those sites to the location's description. (See below for what you can do!)
  • Indicate what Unesco criteria this site fulfills
  • Promote the site, by saying why it would be an interesting or fun place to visit!

Below are some suggested "intellectual operations" you might perform for some types of locations, but they are only suggestions! Feel free to mix and match!

For Military Locations:
Perform Intellectual Operations like "Place in space/time" and "Determine explanatory factors & consequences".
  • Indicate the date or time period of the site's construction
  • Attach a photo or painting that shows that site's functionality.
  • Explain why that site was originally was built (factors), and how that site functioned and any lasting effects it had (consequences).

For Culturally/Socially significant locations:
Perform Intellectual operations like "Establishing facts" or "Establishing connections between facts" for locations like churches, schools, meeting places, etc.
  • Within the description for that location, add a Youtube video that further establishes facts about that location!
  • Add text explaining the significance of this building or place, and try to relate it to other facts about the time period.

For Economic Locations (see example point!)
Perform intellectual Operations like "Identify characteristics" and "Determine continuity and change"
  • Attach an image of what that location looks like at ground level. (Use the Panorama Streetview function if you don't have an image of your own.)
  • Describe what one sees at that location now and if different from time it was built, explain why it is different now.
  • Use the SVG image editor Image to draw shapes and make notes directly on the image. With these tools, note some characteristics of the location and surrounding territory that contributed to its economic success over time. (ex. water access, transportation routes, physical features, populations, etc.)


Flickr search for gate
Flickr search for citadel
Try other Flickr searches using Quebec and another word.
Use Creative Commons search.

Cultural sites and videos (examples only)
Église Notre-Dame-des-Victoires
Basilique Notre-Dame des Victoires - video
Other Quebec Churches

Economic sites (examples only)
Canada's Oldest Port
Place Royal for markets

Other General References : 
Historic District of Old Québec
Ville de Quebec World Heritage City
Old Quebec
Morrin Cultural Centre


Try these activities with another town, to show how your local area should be a heritage site too!

Quebec Heritage Web (several regions: Laurentians, Gaspe, Ottawa, Montreal, Townships)

Mapping the Mosaic: Montreal and Its Diverse Neighbourhoods

Sherbrooke Historical Society

Historical Society of Ottawa
Outaouais’ Forest History
Gatineau Valley Historical Society

Arts et culture Trois-Rivières

Hudson Historical Society

Stanstead's Colby Curtis Museum

North Shore Heritage Community (Baie Comeau)

Saguenay Historical Society (French)